2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development & SDGs adopted

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit on 25 September 2015. It includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030. SDG7 strives to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

The UN Summit for the Adoption of the Post-2015 Development Agenda from 25-27 September 2015, was convened as a high-level plenary meeting of the UN General Assembly. Over 9,000 participants, including 136 Heads of State and Government, ministers, business leaders and civil society attended the summit.  In the plenary sessions, many leaders announced national commitments to implement the SDGs and highlighted the importance of reaching a strong global agreement on climate at the Paris Climate Conference (COP21) in December this year. Next to plenary, participants discussed in six interactive dialogues:  on ending poverty and hunger; tackling inequalities, empowering women and girls and leaving no one behind; fostering sustainable economic growth, transformation and promoting sustainable consumption and production; delivering on a revitalized Global Partnership; building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions to achieve sustainable development; and protecting our planet and combating climate change. More information on the UN Sustainable Development Summit 2015 and selected side events can be found here

Sustainable Development Goals:

The newly adopted SDGs build on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), eight anti-poverty targets to be achieved through a concerted global effort by 2015. These MDGs  aimed at an array of issues, ranging from halving extreme poverty rates to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education. Recognizing the success of these MDGs and the fact that a new framework was needed beyond 2015, countries agreed at the Rio+20 summit in 2012 – the UN Conference on Sustainable Development – to establish an Open Working Group to develop a new set of goals, the Sustainable Development Goals. After more than a year of negotiations, and starting from an immense set of proposed goals, the OWG presented its recommendations for 17 SDGs. In early August 2015, the 193 UN Member States reached consensus on the outcome document of the new agenda „Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development“.

The SDGs and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development go far beyong the MDGs, addressing the root causes of poverty and the universal need for development of all people. While the MDGs targeted developing countries, and in particular the poorest countries, the SDGs shall apply to the entire world, irrespective of the development status.

The Agenda is an action plan for people, planet and prosperity, recognising that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets defined in the Agenda are integrated and indivisible, global in nature and universally applicable and take into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development, while respecting national policies and priorities. The SDGs are broad in scope in order to balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. They shall stimulate concerted global action over the next fifteen years in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet:

People: End poverty and hunger in all their forms and dimensions, and ensure that all human beings can fulfil their potential in dignity and equality, and in a healthy environment.

Planet: Protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on climate change, so that it can support the needs of the present and future generations.

Prosperity: Ensure that all human beings can enjoy prosperous and fulfilling lives and that economic, social and technological progress occurs in harmony with nature.

Peace: Foster peaceful, just and inclusive societies, which are free from fear and violence.

Partnership: Implement the Agenda through a revitalised Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, based on a spirit of strengthened global solidarity, focussed in particular on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable and with the participation of all countries, all stakeholders and all people.

Goal 7, aiming at affordable and clean energy, includes the following five targets:

Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

7.4 By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

7.5 By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing states, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support.

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